Trauma, Recovery & Empowerment Model (TREM) and Trauma, Recovery & Empowerment Model for Men (M-TREM)
An evidence-based, facilitated group approach to healing from the effects of trauma, developed by Maxine Harris, Roger Fallot and others in the 1990s at Washington DC's Community Connections. This intervention combines elements of social skills training, psychoeducational and psychodynamic techniques, and emphasizes peer support.
The Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model (TREM) is a fully manualized group-based intervention designed to facilitate trauma recovery among women with histories of exposure to sexual and physical abuse. Drawing on cognitive restructuring, psychoeducational, and skills-training techniques, the gender-specific 24- to 29-session group emphasizes the development of coping skills and social support. It addresses both short-term and long-term consequences of violent victimization, including mental health symptoms, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, and substance abuse. TREM has been successfully implemented in a wide range of service settings (mental health, substance abuse, criminal justice) and among diverse racial and ethnic populations.
The Trauma Recovery and Empowerment Model for Men (M-TREM) is also a fully manualized, group-based intervention designed to facilitate trauma recovery among trauma-surviving men. M-TREM features24 modules, organized in the three gender-specific categories of "Male Myths, Emotions, and Relationships," "Trauma Recovery," and "Recovery Skills."
- TREM Intervention Summary at the National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices